To enable root in terminal, Try "dsenableroot". You wil be prompted for your password and then what you want as root password and then a confirmation of the root password. Otherwise, if disable [-d] is chosen, the root account passwords are removed and the root user is disabled. A list of flags and their descriptions: -u username Username of a user that has administrative privileges on this computer. If this is not specified, you will be prompted for entry.
If this is not specified for enabling, you will be prompted for entry. This is an incredibly poor idea. Enabling root doesn't let you do anything you couldn't do with sudo, and opens a potential security hole. There are good reasons Apple ships the machine with root disabled. Enabling root is NOT a security hole bad passwords are. There ARE things that can't be done with sudo. Name ONE thing that a root login can do that sudo cannot do. I'll wait. Correct; logically there should not be anything you can do by logging in directly as root, that you cannot do by running a shell as root with sudo.
However, at the same time, for all practical intents and purposes, as long as you use a strong password for the root account, there is NO more security risk than there is by having access to run a shell as root via sudo.
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So your top tip "If you think you need root access, you've been misinformed" is entirely accurate from a factual point of view. But it's also somewhat beside the point. From a practical point of view, if you have access to sudo, you might as well just "enable" root. Not that the root account is ever actually disabled in the first place - it just doesn't have a password set. If you can run a root shell, via sudo or otherwise, then clearly, the account is perfectly well enabled. So the corresponding tip is: if you think it's effectively any more secure to use sudo instead of "enabling" root, you've been misinformed somewhat and are not fully understanding the difference.
The only difference is how you actually gain root access. Two different ways; exactly the same end result that is, root shell. Access GUI utilities with root permissions. That's 2. I didn't mean to keep you waiting, but you said you would.
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I've had root enabled on all my personal Macs, but I don't recommend average users enable root. I do not buy into the mantra that "root enabled is irrefutably wrong, you MUST use sudo. IMHO the main risk of enabling root is it is much easier to destroy the system or lose data. I enable root for two reasons: to graphically log in and to use su. This makes it easier to identify 3rd party fonts, extensions, startup items, launch items, et al.
In Terminal I prefer iTerm I often just su because I get tired of typing sudo over and over and re-entering my password. Good grief. Learn about security before you start vomiting out puerile nonsense like that. I am using sudo for a lot of purposes and I like it. It totally makes sense to me to use sudo e.
But I want to make clear that the following myths are indeed myths:. I won't talk about 1. But I want to give an example for 2. Sudo won't help here.
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Now some smart ass might come up with seemingly cool stuff like:. So, to all people who say enabling root is, by itself, dangerous: Stop babbling and use SSH keys with very good passwords or at least very good passwords. And use sudo where appropriate. You let people log in as root via ssh? You are a very brave person. And I'm glad I don't work with you.
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I let a select set of people - that is, the unix team - ssh in as root. Noone else can, naturally. In internet-facing interfaces, I also use source IP filtering, and root can only login using ssh key, not via password. And I also have the firewall configured to block IPs retrying connections too rapidly. SSHing as root is quite as safe as anything else as long as you restrict it to the right people and put the appropriate security measures around it.
The amount of fear! There is a chance a car will hit and kill me everytime I walk down the street, but I continue to be a pedestrian. I don't feel "brave" or "stupid". I couldn't care less your reason about not wanting to walk, as long as it doesn't interfer with my path! I can't stand to read another "Apple disabled it for a reason" crap. There is a reason why there is root access in Unix. Last I check, some of the most useful applications are on Cydia because they were rejected by Apple's AppStore.
I enable root access because it is my choice. I read this thread because I thought there's something new regarding root access in This fear is unworthy. Otherwise an intruder would only have to watch the log files, wait until you went sudo, and then sudo bash and they have a root shell too.
Lost your password? Powered by the Parse. Accessing the root account is disabled by default in Snow Leopard and the Directory Utility application is not available in the Utilities folder any more. Unlock the application by clicking the padlock icon and entering your Administrator login. That's it! Make sure to re-lock the application by clicking the padlock icon. Warning: Enabling the root account can leave your Mac vulnerable to security threats. Only enable it if you are aware of the risks and know what you are doing. If you do need to enable it, though, Terminal provides a simpler solution that appears to still work in Enter your admin password, then a new password for root, and you're done.
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There's no reason I'm aware of to enable the root user. If you need to do things as root, simply type sudo -s in the Terminal to start a shell with root access and proceed from there. Or use sudo su - which makes sure that you keep the same shell settings as you had in you administrator settings [ Reply to This ].
You can also do 'sudo sh', or 'sudo bash' or 'sudo zsh', etc, etc. Enabling root and then logging in as the root user makes it a bit easier to change the "short user name" in Change the Account name: and reboot. Top tip: if somebody says sudo makes things more secure he doesn't know what he's talking about! At the bottom of the panel you'll see Network Account Server:. Click on the Edit button and there is a listing of directory services. The button in the bottom left-hand corner says Open Directory Utility Click on this to launch. To all who believe in the sudo myth Authored by: cran on Sep 29, '09 AM.
But I want to make clear that the following myths are indeed myths: sudo inherently makes things "more secure". Now some smart ass might come up with seemingly cool stuff like: tar cf - foo. How much easier is this: scp foo. To all who believe in the sudo myth Authored by: babbage on Sep 30, '09 PM.
To all who believe in the sudo myth Authored by: corienti on Sep 30, '09 PM. Search Advanced. For future reference, it is highly recommended that you place a hint. To finish the process, click the "Change Password" button. Now, while refreshing your password may be good practice, it is tiresome to remember your password. At one point or another, many of us just forget our passwords and there is no way for you to enter your account on your Mac. Do not worry about that.
Here are some ways you can bypass the Mac OS X password and regain access to your computer. On the menu bar at the top of the screen, click "Utilities". Click "Terminal" and type "resetpassword" in the prompt. Press the "Enter" button on your keyboard. Select the specific "Volume Hard Drive" in the top section of the window.